Pregnancy has three trimesters, each of which is marked by specific fetal developments. A pregnancy is considered full-term at 40 weeks; infants delivered before the end of week 37 are considered premature. Premature infants may have problems with their growth and development, as well as difficulties in breathing and digesting.
First Trimester (0 to 13 Weeks)
The first trimester is the most crucial to your baby's development. During this period, your baby's body structure and organ systems develop. Most miscarriages and birth defects occur during this period.
Your body also undergoes major changes during the first trimester. These changes often cause a variety of symptoms, including nausea, fatigue, breast tenderness and frequent urination. Although these are common pregnancy symptoms, every woman has a different experience. For example, while some may experience an increased energy level during this period, others may feel very tired and emotional.
Second Trimester (14 to 26 Weeks)
The second trimester of pregnancy is often called the "golden period" because many of the unpleasant effects of early pregnancy disappear. During the second trimester, you're likely to experience decreased nausea, better sleep patterns and an increased energy level. However, you may experience a whole new set of symptoms, such as back pain, abdominal pain, leg cramps, constipation and heartburn.
Somewhere between 16 weeks and 20 weeks, you may feel your baby's first fluttering movements.
Third Trimester (27 to 40 Weeks)
You have now reached your final stretch of pregnancy and are probably very excited and anxious for the birth of your baby. Some of the physical symptoms you may experience during this period include shortness of breath, hemorrhoids, urinary incontinence, varicose veins and sleeping problems. Many of these symptoms arise from the increase in the size of your uterus, which expands from approximately 2 ounces before pregnancy to 2.5 pounds at the time of birth.
While it takes around 6 weeks for a fetal heartbeat to develop, regular ultrasounds and fetal care monitoring can help you assess your baby’s growth and development at all such significant times.
The Mother & the Fetus are a physically single unit, however, they are both two different entities & individuals, having their own physiological and developmental challenges and require specialized care independent of each other.
Advancements in Obstetrics have now given shape to a new field of medicine known as – fetal medicine, which focuses on the specific needs of the fetus.
Pregnancy is a journey that lasts around 40-weeks and each week, both you and your baby are crossing vital milestones. It is important to have regular checks and see if the progress is as expected or if there are any challenges along the way. Regular scans and consultations with the fetal medicine experts at Ankura help you with this!
Fetal care will help you:
Catch early signs of birth defects and take necessary measures or discontinue the pregnancy in case of an affected fetus.
Determine the degree of care you and your baby need, based on this you can shift yourself to tertiary care if required.
Predict and prevent any fetal growth restriction or preterm birth
Many a time, various complications that arise during pregnancy, while the child is still inside the womb, can lead to health issues in later stages like infancy or adult life. This can be avoided by ensuring that quality fetal care is provided at the right time!